What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)?

CBT is short-term problem-oriented approach.  CBT is an evidence based psychotherapeutic approach that can people you identify and understand problems in terms of the relationship between thoughts, feelings and behaviour. It was designed to be quick, practical and goal-oriented and provide clients with long-term skills.

The focus of CBT is on the here-and-now that comes up in a person’s day-to-day life. CBT helps clients to look at how they interpret and evaluate what is happening around them and the effects of these perceptions on their emotional well-being.

In CBT, you learn how to identify, question your thoughts, attitudes, beliefs, and assumptions related to your problematic emotional and behavioural reactions to certain kinds of situations.

By monitoring and recording your thoughts during situations, you learn to understand that the way you think can contribute to your emotional well-being.

For CBT to be effective, you must be open and willing to discuss your thoughts, feelings, and behaviours and to participate in exercises during sessions and/or for homework.

What is Solution-Focused Counselling (SFT)?

Unlike traditional forms of therapy that take time to analyze problems, pathology and past life events, Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) concentrates on finding solutions in the present time and exploring one’s hope for the future to find quicker resolution of one’s problems.

Goal-setting is at the foundation of SFBT and therapist collaborates with the client by questioning what they hope to get out of working with the therapist. By answering exploratory questions the clients begins to identify solutions and come up with a plan for change.

SFBT works to open the clients mind to creative thinking to set goals and developing a clear action plans that will lead to life-changing solutions.

What is Eye Movement Desensitization Processing (EMDR)?

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is an integrative psychotherapeutic approach that has been extensively researched and proven effective for the treatment of trauma and many other mental health issues.

The current treatment guidelines of the American Psychiatric Association and the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies designate EMDR as an effective treatment for post-traumatic stress. EMDR was also found effective by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and Department of Defense, the United Kingdom Department of Health, the Israeli National Council for Mental Health, and many other international health and governmental agencies. Research has also shown that EMDR can be an efficient and rapid treatment.

For more information please refer to emdrcanada.org.